A. Philip Randolph organizes the Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, a Black labor union.
1925 (May 8)
The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters, the trailblazing Black labor union, was organized by A. Philip Randolph. Often called the dean of Black leaders, Randolph had been reared in Florida. He was the son of a minister and a seamstress, both of whom were formerly enslaved. Randolph attended Cookman Institute in Florida and City College in New York. His intellectual interests and his practical experiences in Harlem evoked an intense hatred of racial bias and a zeal for economic and social justice. He joined the Socialist Party and attempted to organize Black students and workers. Randolph founded the Messenger, the socialist periodical that became one of the leading magazines in the history of Black journalism. In later years he was prominent as an opponent of American intervention in foreign wars and of military segregation. Randolph was a presidential consultant in matters of civil rights, and he was a central figure in the 1941 March on Washington.