Author and chaplain John Marrant is born. He was described by one historian as undoubtedly one of the first Black ministers of the gospel in North America.
John Marrant was born in New York. He lived in St. Augustine, Florida, for a time before being captured by Cherokee Indians. Marrant was influenced by the reverend George Whitefield, an English preacher who co-founded, with John Wesley, the Methodist Movement. He served with the British royal navy and was a Methodist missionary in Nova Scotia before becoming an author. His writings detailed the events of his own life that led him to his religious convictions. His most popular work, a narrative of the Lord's Wonderful Dealings with John Marrant, describes Marrant's "dealings" with God. Historian Arthur Schomburg reprinted Marrant's masonic sermon in 1789 and described him as undoubtedly one of the first, if not the first, Black minister of the gospel in North America. Marrant rarely referred to racial matters in his works and thus was never cited in early collected works of African American biographies. He died in 1791.