Enslaved Blacks in the New York City revolt of and kills nine whites before being stopped by state militia. In response, New York strengthens their slave codes.
1712 (Apr 7)
Nine Whites were slain, and twenty-one Blacks were executed as participants of a slave revolt in New York City. Six other alleged participants committed suicide. The insurrection was spearheaded by twenty-seven armed enslaved Blacks who met in an orchard near the center of the city. A fire was set to an outhouse of a White man, and as other Whites attempted to extinguish the blaze, they were shot by the Blacks. The state militia was called to pursue and capture the Black rebels, and New Yorkers responded to the uprising by strengthening their slave code. The number of slave crimes punishable by death was increased to include willful burning of property. Conspiracy to murder was also made a capital offense.