Hampton Institute (now Hampton University) opens in Virginia. It remains one of America’s most prestigious Black colleges.
1868 (Apr 1)
The Hampton Normal & Agricultural Institute opened in Hampton, Virginia, in 1868. Later renamed the Hampton Institute, this agricultural-industrial college for Blacks sought to educate selected formerly enslaved Blacks who would then teach and lead other newly freed Blacks. Samuel Chapman Armstrong, a former union officer and an advocate of agricultural-industrial training for freed Blacks, was a founder and first leader of the institution. Hampton university remains one of the most prestigious Black colleges in the United States.