James Stone enlists in the first fight artillery of Ohio, becoming the first Black American to fight for the union during the civil war.
1861 (Aug 23)
James Stone, a very light complexioned enslaved fugitive who was often mistaken for a white, enlisted in the first fight artillery of Ohio. Having fought for the Union in Kentucky, where he had been enslaved, Stone died from a service-related illness in 1862. After his death his true racial identity was revealed. Thus, Stone was actually the first Black American to fight for the Union during the civil war, almost one full year before Black Americans were authorized to join Union forces.