John Caesar, a military leader, organized a slave rebellion that led to the Treaty of Fort Dade.
1835 (Dec 15)
John Caesar led hundreds of the enslaved in the attack of the St. Johns River plantations on the eve of the second Seminole war. Near the end of the war, he organized a guerrilla campaign against plantations in the St. Augustine vicinity, recruiting enslaved Blacks and Indians. On the night of January 17, 1837, Caesar was killed in a surprise attack. Nevertheless, his efforts at the beginning and end of the war led to the Treaty of Fort Dade, resulting in freedom for many enslaved runaways who might otherwise have been re-enslaved.