Malcolm X is assassinated.
1965 (Feb 21)
Black nationalist and former member of the Nation of Islam hierarchy, Malcolm X was assassinated in New York City. Three Black Americans were convicted of the murder in March of 1966. Malcolm X, though a former convict, was largely self-educated and became known as a persuasive orator with a fiery tongue. His Autobiography of Malcolm X, written in conjunction with Alex Haley, was published posthumously. The book has become a classic of twentieth-century Black American literature. In 1992, filmmaker Spike Lee recounted the activist's life in a motion picture.