Philadelphia public schools study on learning in regards to race released.
1975 (Feb 1)
The results of a study of the public schools of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, showed that whether the race of the pupil and teacher was the same appeared unrelated to learning. The report also concluded that counseling and remedial education-given current rates of expenditure—had no particular value in increasing learning. The report said that optimal learning growth at the elementary level occurred in classes that were about half Black and half white. In junior high schools, the achievement among Blacks increased as the percentage of Blacks increased. On the other hand, white junior high school students experienced a decline in learning in schools that were more than half Black. The study, sponsored by the Federal Reserve Bank of Philadelphia, was co-authored by Anita Summers and Barbara L. Wolfe.