Poet George Horton is born in North Carolina.
George Horton was born enslaved on a plantation in Northampton County, North Carolina. He bargained with his slave masters for the privilege of earning money by selling love poems to students at the University of North Carolina. Not able to write himself; Horton dictated his poems to the students. As a result, his earliest works have been forgotten or attributed to others. Horton was taught to write by Carolina Hentz, a writer, abolitionist, and wife of a professor. His first volume of poetry, The Hope of Liberty (1829), was not successful enough to pay for Horton's freedom, but it earned him some local fame and later promoted the cause of abolition with two reprintings under the title Poems by a Slave (1837, 1838). Horton published two more volumes of poetry in his lifetime: The Poetical works of George M. Horton, the Colored Bard of North Carolina (1845) and Naked Genius (1865). It is believed Horton died in 1883 in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.