Reversing course due to military need, George Washington allows Blacks to enlist in the American army.
1775 (Dec 31)
General George Washington, revising an earlier decision, ordered recruiting officers to accept free Blacks in the American army. More than 5,000 Blacks, mostly from the North, fought against the British. Georgia and South Carolina steadfastly opposed the enlistment of Black soldiers. In 1770, the Continental Congress agreed to pay owners of enslaved Blacks in Georgia and South Carolina $1,000 for each enslaved Black allowed to serve in the American army, but at the end of the war they were to be freed and given fifty dollars. The two Southern states rejected the offer.