The Black Panther Party is founded in Oakland, California by Huey P. Newton and Bobby Seale.
The Black Panther Party was founded in Oakland, California. The two principal founders were Huey P. Newton, a native of Grove, Louisiana, and Bobby Seale of Dallas, Texas. Newton and Seale grew up in California and met in 1960 at Merritt Junior College in Oakland. Inspired by police brutality and other forms of racism, as well as the teachings of Malcolm X, the duo was active in the college's Black student association. They eventually withdrew and organized the Black Panther Party. The Black Panther Party adopted a ten-point program demanding: full employment, restitution for past exploitation and oppression, education relevant to Black needs and aspirations, release of all Black political prisoners, decent housing, exemptions from military service, trial of Blacks by all-Black juries, an end to police brutality, and Black political and economic power. The Panthers insisted on "power to the people." They advocated self-defense, called for a socialistic economy, provided food and educational programs for young children, and published their own newspaper. They drew wide admiration, if not a large following, from young Blacks in the northern and West Coast ghettoes. As their numbers and influence increased, so did their clashes with law enforcement.