The Japanese attack Pearl Harbor and Doris Miller emerges as one of the American heroes.
1941 (Dec 7)
President Franklin Roosevelt prepared to ask for a declaration of war as a result of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor. Doris "Dorie" Miller, a twenty-two-year-old Black messman aboard the USS Arizona, downed four Japanese planes with a machine gun after having moved his wounded captain from the bridge to a place of greater safety. The next year, Admiral Chester W. Nimetz presented the Navy Cross to Miller. In 1943 the Waco, Texas, native was listed as missing in action and presumed dead.