The National Urban League (NUL) issued a report stating that all of the gains of Black Americans had been wiped over the past decade.
1976 (Jan 27)
The National Urban League (NUL), in its annual “The State of Black America" Report, contended that “many of the gains Blacks made over the past decade were either wiped out or badly eroded in 1975 and the portents for the future are not encouraging." The League warned that "the absence of overt discontent in the cities" did not mean that the problems did not continue to exist and that the future of the nation was "bound-up in how it deals with these problems." As examples of how Blacks lost ground in 1975, the NUL cited the following: 1. There was a further decline in middle-income Black families, continuing a trend from 1973–1974 that saw these families decrease from one-fourth to one-fifth of the total population for all Black families. 2. The average Black family income was only fifty-eight percent of that of average white family income, representing a decline from sixty-one percent in 1969. 3. The Black unemployment rate remained virtually unchanged at 14.1 percent for the first three quarters of 1975. 4. In 1975, Congress failed to enact any substantial legislation that would "foster full employment." 5. The outbreaks of racial violence in Boston, Massachusetts, a city "long regarded, if incorrectly as the fountainhead of liberalism in this country, served notice that racism has no geographical limits and continues to exist in the American body politic." In concluding the review, Vernon Jordan, executive director of the NUL, commented that "all across the board, Black people lost out in 1975." In order to alleviate the distress among Blacks that the League cited, it recommended "a full employment policy that assures decent jobs for all; an income maintenance system that alleviates economic hardship and replaces the present welfare system; and housing, health, and education programs that go beyond rhetoric to bring our nation closer to a prosperity that includes all of its citizens."