The Santo Domingo revolt becomes the earliest enslaved Black rebellion recorded in the Americas.
1521 (Dec 25 or 26)
This revolt happened in the Spanish colony of Santo Domingo on the island of Hispaniola. On the first or second day of Christmas, enslaved Blacks on the Nueva Isabela sugar plantation owned by the colony's governor Diego Colón (a descendant of Chistopher Columbus) rebelled. Local oral tradition says that the rebellion was led by Maria Olofa (Wolofa) and Gonzalo Mandinga, a romantic couple, from the nation of Wolof and Muslim. Just days after the uprising, on Jan 6th, 1522, Diego introduced strict laws designed to prevent the enslaved Africans from uprising again.