The U.S. Supreme Court rules against a desegregation plan for the city of Austin, Texas.
1976 (Dec 8)
The United States Supreme Court, in a 7-2 decision, ruled against a sweeping desegregation plan for the city of Austin, Texas. The Court sent the case back to the U.S. Court of Appeals for the Fifth District to review in light of its decision last June that government acts are not unconstitutional simply because "they have [a] disproportionate effect on Blacks." The court also contended that "school desegregation plans should be tailored to correct only the amount of segregation caused intentionally by school officials.” They argued that the courts cannot impose "sweeping orders" designed to correct all school segregation that may result "from racial and ethnic housing patterns." The dissenting Justices, William J. Brennan and Thurgood Marshall, believed the appellate court had decided the case correctly.