Urban Institute study reveals that Blacks were three times more likely to be discriminated against than Whites when applying for jobs.
A study by the Urban Institute entitled "Opportunities Denied, Opportunities Diminished in Hiring" revealed that Blacks were three times more likely to be discriminated against than Whites when applying for jobs. The findings came when Congress and President George Bush were vigorously debating changes in civil rights laws. Ten pairs of Black and White men aged nineteen to twenty-four with the same job qualifications acted as testers for the study. They responded to advertisements for 476 entry-level job listings in Chicago and Washington, D.C. The Black applicants were denied jobs that were offered to equally qualified White males. Twenty percent of the Black job seekers failed to advance after they were hired.